Evangelische Christuskirche Karlsruhe

The Christuskirche (translated literally “Christ Church”) is a Protestant church located near the Mühlburger Tor in the Weststadt of Karlsruhe,  Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Evangelische Christuskirche Leibdragonerdenkmal am Mühlburger Tor, Karlsruhe
First initiatives to build a church at the site date back to between 1888 and 1892. An architectural competition was won by the Karlsruhe firm of “Curjel & Moser”, a partnership of a Jew and a Catholic who built churches for all denominations across Karlsruhe. The church was consecrated on 14 October 1900.
Evangelische Christuskirche Karlsruhe
Whereas the building's decorations (windows, arches, pinnacles) and overall impression were based on the Gothic style, opinion changed over the the time of construction, and many of the final details are Art Noveau (German: “Jugendstil”), then at the peak of its popularity. The church was severely damaged in the major air raids on Karlsruhe of 2-3 September 1942 and 4-5 December 1944. Repairs began immediately after the war, completed with the installation of new bells on 3 April 1953, albeit without the church's original spire.
Evangelische Christuskirche Karlsruhe
In 1984, however, it was decided to restore the original plan and add the spire again. Work was finished in 1988, thus completing the post-war rebuilding program. A significant addition was the new “ Peace Bell” (“Friedensglocke”) in 1984, financed by public subscription. It has the lowest pitch of any church bell in the German State of Baden-Württemberg.
From May 2008 to September 2009, the church was undergoing a program of renovation and refurbishments. 
Evangelische Christuskirche Karlsruhe
The church's original organ had undergone an unfortunate alteration in 1938, and then been damaged in the war. In 1960, it was decided to replace it, and a new organ with 5000 pipes was built by the renowned Bonn organ builders Klais and inaugurated in 1966. This put the Christuskirche on the map for concerts and musical events such as the Karlsruher Orgeltage (translated literally “Karlsruhe Organ Days”).
In addition to the big Klais organ, there is very valuable and unique small mobile organ, built by organ builder Matthias Wagner of Grünstadt in 2004. It features eight registers and about 500 pipes, and is generally admired as a masterpiece of sound and of engineering. 
Source text (shortcut): www.en.ka.stadtwiki.net
Photos: EFA

Botanischer Garten Karlsruhe

Karlsruhe Botanical Gardens (Botanischer Garten Karlsruhe, Germany) are located at the edge of the Schlossgarten, west of Karlsruhe Palace, surrounded by historical structures such as an orangery, greenhouses, a winter garden and the State Art Gallery Karlsruhe (Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe).
The botanical gardens were established in the 18th century by Carl Christian Gmelin under Margrave Karl Friedrich (1746-1811). New greenhouses were added by the residence's master builder Heinrich Hübsch in 1853 to 1857.
Karlsruhe Botanical Gardens
Today, the botanical gardens are no longer such in the strictly scientific sense - at times, more than 40,000 different plants from all over the world used to grow here - but they do still accommodate twenty particularly noteworthy species of trees from various continents. 
Monument to Prince Wilhelm in Karlsruhe, sculpted by Hermann Volz. Karlsruhe Botanical Gardens.
Fountain basins, sculptures, a café terrasse beneath the framework of the former wintergarden and the small but lovely greenhouses with their exotic rarities all add to the charm and appeal of the gardens.
Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe in Karlsruhe Botanical Gardens.
Source text:www.botanischer-garten-karlsruhe.de, www.karlsruhe-tourismus.de
Photos: Elisabeth Fazel.

Porzellanschloss Favorite Rastatt

Schloss Favorite is a castle on the outskirts of Rastatt-Förch in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Art Prints
Rastatt Favorite Palace (Schloss Favorite Rastatt) is the oldest German “porcelain palace” and the only one to survive almost unchanged to this day.  Its opulent interiors, extensive collections and idyllic setting lend it Europewide significance.
This enchanting Baroque summer residence and hunting palace was built from 1710 to 1727 for the young Margravine Sibylla Augusta of Baden-Baden (1675-1733). She was the wife of Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden, a famous Imperial general who was known as the Türkenlouis. Margravine Sibylla Augusta  acted as consort of the ruler of Baden-Baden. The castle was only used for several weeks a year as a summer residence.
Sibylle of Saxe-Lauenburg by an anonymous artist
To accompany the magnificent décor, Sibylla Augusta amassed an unparalleled collection of Asian and European porcelain, glass and faience – earning the title “porcelain palace”. Much admired by her contemporaries, the Margravine’s astonishing hoard survives to this day. It is now the world’s largest collection of early Meissen porcelain. Favorite Palace also offers a dazzling display of Chinoiserie in all its forms. Textiles, lacquer and ceramics bear witness to early 18th century Europe’s penchant for all things Asian. 
Rastatt Favorite Palace
With its perfectly preserved 18th century interiors, Favorite Palace is a cultural heritage site of extraordinary significance. The building is surrounded by a charming English-style landscape park.
Source text: www.schloss-favorite-rastatt.de
Photos: Elisabeth Fazel, Wikipedia.

Blumenstadt Ettlingen in den nördlichen Schwarzwald

Ettlingen is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, south of the city of Karlsruhe.
Ettlingen sits just on the northern edge of Germany’s famed Black Forest (Schwarzwald) region. It is nestled in the fields of the Upper Rhine Valley by the Alb River.
The Romans were among the first to be charmed by the simple beauty of Ettlingen. They had a crossroads village located here and left behind many artifacts. One of these finds is the Neptunstein, a stone Latin inscription recollecting an early flood of the Rhine. A Roman fountain can also be found here.

The Alb River in Ettlingen

The town was first mentioned in 788 as "Ediningom" in a deed of donation belonging to Weissenburg Abbey in Alsace (now in France). In 965, the village of Ettlingen ("Ediningom") received market rights (Marktrecht) from Emperor Otto the Great. In 1192, Emperor Henry VI, one of Frederick Barbarossa's sons. Margrave Herman V of Baden-Baden became Ettlingen's feudal lord in 1219. In the following centuries, Ettlingen developed into an important administrative centre within the Margraviate of Baden-Baden.
St. Martin's Church (Martinskirche) in Ettlingen
Ettlingen gave its name to a line of defensive earthworks known as the Ettlingen Line built to deter French aggression. During the Nine Years' War the town was nearly completely burned to the ground by the troops of Louis XIV, but was nevertheless rebuilt in the following decades under Margravine Sibylle Auguste. After the Catholic line of Baden-Baden died out in 1771,
Ettlingen passed to the Protestant Margraviate of Baden-Durlach, which would become the reunited Margraviate of Baden. During the French Revolutionary Wars, Ettlingen was the site of a battle between elements of the French Army of the Rhine and Moselle and the Habsburg Army of the Upper Rhine on 9 July 1796.  In the period of Napoleon's activities in Germany, Margrave Karl Friedrich of Baden was made Elector in 1806 and Grand Duke in 1806.
The 15th century Watch Tower - Lauerturm is known as the symbol of Ettlingen. 
Ettlingen remained an independent town until 1937, when it was incorporated into the administrative unit that would become the district of Karlsruhe in 1939. Ettlingen and its surrounding villages and land continue to be part of this district.
Ettingen promenade
In 1966, Ettlingen passed the 20,000 population mark and raised to the status of Große Kreisstadt by the state government of Baden-Württemberg. Ettlingen's renowned open-air theater series, the Schlossfestspiele first took the stage in the Baroque inner courtyard of Ettlingen Palace in 1979.
Musician's fountain in Ettingen
Source text:Wiki.
Photos: Elisabeth Fazel.

Altes Schloss Hohenbaden in Baden-Baden

Hohenbaden Old Castle (Altes Schloss Hohenbaden) in Baden-Baden, South West Germany is one of the oldest possessions of the margraves of Baden – with origins that go back to the 12th century. The ruin is situated at an altitude of 410m above sea level. The tower offers a panoramic view over the city of Baden-Baden, the Rhine valley and the Vosges.
The oldest part of the complex, the Oberburg (upper castle) is built on a crest on the southwestern side of the Battert hill. The newer Unterburg (lower castle) was expanded on the orders of Margrave Bernhard I in the late 14th century. The impressive Bernhardsbau, the main building in the castle’s lower bailey (courtyard), bears testimony to the heightened importance of the margraves of Baden.
Hohenbaden Old Castle, Baden-Baden
In 1479, however, they moved to the more comfortable Neues Schloss (new palace) in the valley. The old castle fell into disuse, and was left in ruins after a fire in the late 16th century. Interest in Hohenbaden Old Castle was reawakened in the 19th century, when Baden-Baden became a popular spa destination. Today, the ruin, with its fabulous view, is one of the most attractive destinations in the northern Black Forest.
Hohenbaden Old Castle, Baden-Baden
Source text: www.schloesser-und-gaerten.de
Photos: Elisabeth Fazel

Erik Maria Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn aus Tirol - der faszinierendste Person der Welt

Erik Maria Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn was an Austrian Catholic nobleman and socio-political theorist.
 Describing himself as an "extreme conservative arch-liberal" or "liberal of the extreme right", Kuehnelt-Leddihn often argued that majority rule in democracies is a threat to individual liberties, and declared himself a monarchist and an enemy of all forms of totalitarianism. Described as "A Walking Book of Knowledge", Kuehnelt-Leddihn had an encyclopedic knowledge of the humanities and was a polyglot, able to speak eight languages and read seventeen others. His early books The Menace of the Herd and Liberty or Equality were influential within the American conservative movement. His best-known writings appeared in National Review, where he was a columnist for 35 years.
Liberty or Equality by Erik Maria Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn
According to his friend William F. Buckley, Dr. Kuehnelt-Leddihn was “the world’s most fascinating man,” and he has left a most fascinating legacy. 
Erik Maria Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn (born July 31, 1909 in Tobelbad (now Haselsdorf-Tobelbad), Austria-Hungary; died May 26, 1999, in Lans, Tyrol, Austria). Married to Countess Christiane Goess (Ph. D.) and lived in a mountain small village Lans near Innsbruck the capital of the Austrian Province of Tyrol.  
Parish church in Lans, Tyrol. Fot. Wojciech Gatz.
At the age of 16, he became the Vienna correspondent of The Spectator. From then on, he wrote for the rest of his life. He studied civil and canon law at the University of Vienna at the age of eighteen. From there, he went to the University of Budapest, from which he received an M.A. in economics and his doctorate in political science. Moving back to Vienna, he took up studies in theology. In 1935, Kuehnelt-Leddihn travelled to England to become a schoolmaster at Beaumont College, a Jesuit public school. Subsequently he moved to the United States, where he taught at Georgetown University (1937–38), Saint Peter's College, New Jersey (head of the History and Sociology Department, 1938–43), Fordham University (Japanese, 1942–43), and Chestnut Hill College, Philadelphia (1943–47).
After publishing books like Jesuiten, Spießer und Bolschewiken in 1933 (published in German by Pustet, Salzburg) and The Menace of the Herd in 1943, in which he criticised the National Socialists as well as the Socialists directly or between the lines, he could not return to Nazi-occupied Austria.
After the Second World War, he resettled in Lans in Tyrol where he lived until his death. However, he was an avid traveler: he had visited the USSR in 1930–31, and eventually traveled to every state in the United States.
His chief intellectual project centered on defending the theoretical foundations of liberty in the modern world, especially in response to the distortions in the idea of liberty precipitated by the French Revolution. In his words, “My studies in political theory and practice have been largely directed toward finding ways to strengthen the great Western tradition of human freedom, now under attack from so many sides.” He was supporter of the Otto von Habsburg Pan-European movement . He said that always „Right is right and Left is wrong”.  Kuehnelt-Leddihn proclaimed himself to be a monarchist, but he certainly did not believe retaining or restoring monarchy would solve all our problems.
Erik Maria Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn
Kuehnelt-Leddihn wrote for a variety of publications, including Chronicles, the Rothbard-Rockwell Report, and Catholic World. He also worked with the Acton Institute, which declared him after his death "a great friend and supporter," and was an adjunct scholar of the Ludwig von Mises Institute. For much of his life, Kuehnelt was also a painter; he illustrated some of his own books.  Erik Kuehnelt- Leddihn died on the 26th of May 1999 in Lans near Innsbruck, Tyrol

Some selected Quotations by Erik Maria Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn 

"For the average person, all problems date to the world war ii for the more informed to world war i, for the genuine historian, to the french revolution".

“If there is no personal God,everything is permissible, and if God exists,everything is possible.”
"...In democracies there will always be resentment and contempt for the “highbrow” and the illiterate, the intellectual and the “peasant.” 

“Who is secure in all his basic needs? Who has work, spiritual care, medical care, housing, food, occasional entertainment, free clothing, free burial, free everything? The answer might be nuns and monks, but the standard reply is 'prisoners'.” 

“Modern man is a hard driven nomad without any stability, not (as the Bible has it) a wanderer or a pilgrim, but a refugee-an escapist. Instead of meditation and reflection there is only speed, fear and “distraction.” 

“Equality doesn’t exist in nature and therefore can be established only by force. He who wants geographic equality has to dynamite mountains and fill up the valleys. To get a hedge of even height one has to apply pruning shears. To achieve equal scholastic levels in a school one would have to pressure certain students into extra hard work while holding back others.” 

"Democratism and its allied herd movements, while remaining loyal to the principle of equality and identity, will never hesitate to sacrifice liberty".

"The democratic principle of "one man, one vote," viewed against a background of voting masses numbering several millions, only serves to demonstrate the pitiful helplessness of the inarticulate individual, who functions at the polls as the smallest indivisible arithmetical (and not always algebraic) unit. He acts in total anonymity, secrecy and legal irresponsibility".

"Sometime in the coming century, people will rack their brains pondering how nations with tremendous scientific and intellectual achievements could have given uninstructed and untrained men and women the right to vote equally uninstructed and untrained people into responsible positions".

Sources:
www.kuehnelt-leddihn.at (memorial page by his grandson), www.catholicwritersguild.com, www.goodreads.com, www.acton.org, www.lewrockwell.com, www.likesuccess.com, Wikipedia.

Wallgau in der Alpenwelt Karwendel Bayern

Wallgau is a municipality in the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, in Bavaria, Germany. A few kilometers to the south runs the German - Austrian Tyrol border.
Luftmalerei Wallgau
Wallgau together with Krün and Mittenwald tourism composite Karwendel Alpine region, which markets the region throughout the year as the starting point for sports and recreational activities such as hiking and cross-country skiing. The community has about 1,400 inhabitants.
Wallgau Parish Church of St. James
The development of the town is closely linked with the history of the Werdenfelser country. Wallgau was first mentioned in 763 as walhogoi in the founding document of the monastery Scharnitz ( scarantia ). The " Gau of Walchen " or " Italians " offered Roman settlers and legionnaires to maintain their tra dition after the expiry of the province of Raetia refuge from the Bavarians.In the Middle Ages large parts of the Werdenfelser country belonged to the Counts of Eschenlohe whose aristocratic family connections to the Counts of Andechs - one of the most important noble families in the Holy Roman Empire – had.
Luftmalerei Wallgau
The control of the trade routes to Italy and the promotion of silver and ore deposits helped a majority of the population to prosperity and brought the county the nickname Golden Mooslandl one. Although Wallgau was tied over the Kesselberg down to Kochel am See to the main corridors of the time with the used as a pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela Via Regia ad Tyrolensis et Italo, the economic recovery barely touched the village. Instead, the inhabitants were engaged in ordering the barren fields, wood processing and the onset of the 12th century rafting on the Isar. At that time, the importance of waterways grew as a trading connections because the land routes were considered unsafe because of highwaymen. 
The rafts transported well as people, native products, including marble stones, chalk, charcoal and burnt limestone. In the 15th century, known as Wasserrott Association of rafters goods carried for the first time from Italy to Munich, across the Danube to Austria and Hungary. 1922 went down the last raft of Wallgau from the Isar River, before the river since 1924, the water was removed from the operation of the Walchenseekraftwerk work. Since 1990, a portion of the water is returned to the river bed.
Luftmalerei Wallgau
As a result of the Spanish and Austrian Succession War at the beginning of the 18th century with raids from neighboring Tyrol as well as the Napoleonic wars impoverished the population. On August 19, 1802 kurbayerisches military occupied with a corporal and six privates Wallgau. Officially Wallgau went through in the course associated with the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss from February 25, 1803 secularization in the possession of the Electorate of Bavaria. In 1808 and 1818, several community edicts of the now King of Bavaria Wallgau developed on the basis of a political community. Beginning of the 20th century brought the still designated as a summer tourism, the first guests to Wallgau. 

The craftsmanship of the Lüftlmalerei since the 18th century, mainly in the Werdenfelser country and widespread in the Tyrol. In addition to religious motifs adorn Wallgau particular historical representations with narrative character - among others from the time of rafting - many facades. 
Wallgau Hotel zur Post (R)
One example is the 1621 built by Simon Niggl Gasthof Zum old inn with frescoes by Franz Karner Mittenwalder Lüftlmalers from the year 1763rd The resulting 1907 as a supplement to the old inn building that currently makes up the name of Hotel Zur Post. As the first post wrong line from 1665 Thurn and Taxis'sche riding post, which was in 1760 replaced by the traveling people post. On September 7, 1786, the poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe went on his trip to Italy by stagecoach through Wallgau and returned one at the inn. Heinrich Heine also made ​​there 30 years later rest. Among the prominent guests at the recent history among politicians and personalities from the entertainment industry, including U.S. actor Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor.
Source text: www.memim.com
Fot. Neupress archives.