Karl Rahner modernistischen katholischer Theologe

One of the most important theologians of the 20th century, Karl Rahner was born in March 5 1904 in Freiburg, now Germany and died on March 30 in Innsbruck, the capital of Austrian Land Tirol.
He was the brother of Hugo Rahner who was a German Jesuit and noted theologian and Church historian, who was Dean and President of the University of Innsbruck.
Rahner's work is characterized by the attempt to reinterpret traditional Roman Catholic theology in the light of modern philosophical thought.
He was ordained a priest in 1932 and continued his studies at the University of Freiburg. After receiving his doctorate in philosophy in 1936, he taught at the universities of Innsbruck and Munich. In 1967 he was appointed professor of dogmatic theology at the University of Münster. He was a peritus (official theologian) at the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965).

Innsbruck, Faculty of Teology. Fot. Wojciech Gatz.
Rahner's thought is best described as a theological anthropology. Beginning with the nature of man as a being open to the infinite, Rahner's thought sees a person's quest for fulfillment satisfied only in union with the God of Christian revelation, the God who became man in Jesus Christ. A proper understanding of humans cannot be divorced from an understanding of God and the context of relationships uniting humans and God. The fundamental fact underlying the existence of the world is that it stands in relation to God. Rahner calls this situation the supernatural existential and sees in this fundamental fact the root of all further explanations of sin, grace, and salvation.
Rahner was buried at the Jesuit church of the Trinity in Innsbruck.
Jesuit church in Innsbruck. Fot. Elisabeth Fazel
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Rahner also encountered critics along the way, especially from the Christian traditionalists, and sedevacantists, who believe that there is at present a vacancy of the Holy See and do not accept Modernism of Vaticanum II.
Sources: www.karlrahnersociety.com, www.biography.yourdictionary.com, Wikipedia.

Starkenberg - Familiengeschichte

History of the Family Starkenberg. The Starkenberg (germ. Herren von Starkenberg), was one of the most important family of the medieval Tyrol.
Castle Starkenberg and the Villa (L), Tarrenz, Tyrol
12. – 14th century
1165       Michael of Starkenberg appears as a known tournament rider in Zurich.  Gebhard of Starkenberg (teutonic knight) brings a cross particle to old Starkenberg.
1217     The Starkenberger are ministerial of the Staufen
1248     Elevation of the Starkenberger in the imperial immediacy (i.e. they are subordinated like princes directly to the emperor); they become one of the mightiest nobility genders in the late Middle Ages in the area of Tyrol.
1265     Konrads brother Hartmann of Starkenberg - a known Minnesinger

Hartmann von Starkenberg im Codex Manesse (Wikipedia)
 1275     The convent of Stams is founded under assistance of the Starkenberg Stams is the tomb of a lot of Starkenbergs, the princely founders.
1275     First Starkenbergs rent-rolls/urbars, precursors of the land register.
1296     Heinrich of Starkenberg is ordered to the first orderly of castle Ehrenberg The line of Heinrich of Starkenberg begins with the planning and the construction of New Starkenberg.

1310 – 1339     Construction of the fortress New Starkenberg by Heinrich of Starkenberg.
1363     Hans of Starkenberg (son of Konrad and grandnephew of Georg) seals the document, with which the county Tyrol was handed over by Margarethe Maultasch to Rudolf the Stifter of Austria, Starkenberg stays under the reign of the emporer.

Coat of arms of Starkenberg (Wikipedia)
 15th 1406        The Starkenbergs are co-founders of the elephant's alliance for the security of the aristocracy.
1416     According to a contract “Friedrich with the empty pocket” begins his struggle for power with the nobility as a prince. Starkenbergs Ulrich and Wilhelm refuse the publication of their imperial fiefs to Friedrich. The beginning of fights and sieges
1421     Ulrich and Wilhelm of Starkenberg fight under Albrecht of Habsburg against the Husitten
1423 - 1426     War of extermination between the Starkenbergers Ulrich and Wilhelm and “Friedrich with the empty pocket”.
1425     Rotulus (nine-meters-long quarrel writing of the Starkenbergs to king Sigismund with appeal on their old rights and concerning their possessions against “Friedrich with the empty pocket”). During the process all possessions of the Starkenbergs are managed by the Habsburgs.
1426     “Friedrich with the empty pocket” destroys Old Starkenberg, the family seat of the Starkenbergs. New Starkenberg is spared from the destruction, because at this time it is pledged to the Rottenburgs. After Ulrich fought and died in war, Wilhelm von Starkenberg, as the last male of Starkenberg fought from the asylum in Switzerland up to his death infor his right.century(it is the most violent in the history – downfall of the Starkenbergs).

Kronburg in Tyrol, one of the castles of the the family Starkenberg - more Schloss Kronburg
Starkenbergs 2nd half of the 15th. Cent.
until 1810 1448-end 16th cent.     Starkenberg is again under the direct authority of the emperor.
1504     New Starkenberg is developed among the men of Colaus to the imperial court hunt and receives finances for the mining directly from the imperial court. Ends of 16th cent. Rebuilding of the fortress Starkenberg in economic headquarters with an independent fram complex
1698     Acquisition of Starkenberg by the count Coreth. He received the title: Lord of Starkenberg
1758     The fishing rights for the Starkenberg lake and operation of a hospitality industry were given permanently by empress Maria Theresia.
1768     Sales of Starkenberg after water damage to Josef Strele (Imster Textile manufacturer and owner of all restaurants of Imst where he already produced beer).
1795     Construction of the stable and other buildings
Text source: www.starkenberg.at

About the brewery castle Starkenberg Read Here

Fot. Elisabeth Fazel.

Weihnacht 2014. in die Pfarrkirche in Leutasch

Christmas Eve 2014 in the parish church of "St. Magdalena" in Oberleutasch, Tyrol, Austria.
Weihnacht 2014. in die Pfarrkirche in Leutasch, Tirol.
Weihnacht 2014. in die Pfarrkirche in Leutasch, Tirol. In the foreground of this picture parish priest of Leutasch Krzysztof Kamiński.

Weihnacht 2014. in die Pfarrkirche in Leutasch, Tirol.
Weihnacht 2014. in die Pfarrkirche in Leutasch, Tirol.
Weihnacht 2014. in die Pfarrkirche in Leutasch, Tirol.
   Weihnacht 2014. in die Pfarrkirche in Leutasch, Tirol.
Fot. Elisabeth Fazel.

Weihnachtslied Stille Nacht historischer Kontext

Silent Night" (Germ: Stille Nacht, heilige Nacht) is a popular Christmas carol, composed in 1818 by Franz Xaver Gruber to lyrics by Joseph Mohr in the small town of Oberndorf bei Salzburg, Austria.
Telfs, Tirol, Austria
"Silent Night" is actually an Austrian hymn titled "Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht." The lyrics were a poem composed by a young priest named Joseph Mohr in 1816. It was two years later when Franz Gruber wrote the melody and a guitar part so that Mohr could have the song played at Christmas mass.
Franz Xaver Gruber and Joseph Mohr
"Silent Night!" was created and first performed during very difficult times. The Napoleonic wars (1792-1815), which had caused great suffering, had come to an end. With the Congress of Vienna there were new borders and a new order set for Europe. In the course of these events, the ecclesiastical Principality of Salzburg lost its status as an independent country and was forced to secularize. In 1816, its lands were divided in two with part assigned to Bavaria and the larger portion relegated to Austria. The site where "Silent Night!" was first performed - Oberndorf by Salzburg - had been a suburb and was now separated from its town center of Laufen located across the river (today part of Bavaria, Germany) when the Salzach River became the new border. For centuries transportation of salt along the river had provided the basis for the local economy. The salt trade declined during the Napoleonic wars, and then never fully recovered. This caused a depression in the local economy, with the transport companies, boat builders and laborers facing unemployment and an unsure future. It was during these troubled times that Mohr was in Oberndorf (1817-1819).
Stille Nacht Kapelle,Oberndorf bei Salzburg
 Mohr's previous place of service, Mariapfarr, had suffered greatly during the withdrawal of the Bavarian occupation troops in 1816 and 1817. Mohr was witness to these events and in 1816, he wrote the words to "Silent Night!" With this in mind, the creation of the 4th verse of "Silent Night!" takes on special meaning. Its text expresses a great longing for peace and comfort.
The music was composed by a musician who was not known outside his village. There was no celebrity to sing at its world premiere. Yet its powerful message of heavenly peace has crossed all borders and language barriers, conquering the hearts of people everywhere.
It was declared an intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO in March 2011. The song has been recorded by a large number of singers from every music genre. In Austria “Stille Nacht” is considered a national treasure. Traditionally the song may not be played publicly before Christmas Eve.  The organ builder Karl Mauracher  brought the popular Christmas song from Oberndorf near Salzburg to Tyrolean village of Fügen in the Zillertal valley.
Sources: www.stillenacht.at, www.icce.rug.nl, www.folkmusic.about.com
, Wiki.

Tirol ist ein Paradies für Tiere

The alpine region Tyrol is a paradise for animals and (unfortunately) hunters  and deer-stalkers.
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Tirol with its geographical location, topography and variety of altitude zones, enjoys outstanding diversity in terms of species and habitats. The natural gems of the Tirol are its 81 protected areas, which occupy more than a quarter of the Tyrol. They are home to rare flora and fauna and a natural oasis of recreation for the people.The Tyrolean share of this, the biggest of the Austrian national parks amounts to 611 km2 and lies in East Tyrol.
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The most characteristic animals of Tyrol are: mountain goats, cervids, eagles, capercaillie (or cock of the wood), small animals, such as rabbits, pheasants, geese or ducks llamas (sic!) and marmots, of course.
Cows in Tyrol
 On the beautiful mountain pastures and valleys a lot of cows, horses (the famous Haflinger and Tinker Horses) and sheeps. The people  of Tyrol also love small domestic animals: dogs and cats. A very popular is the Border Collie sheepdog.
Border Collie dog
Sheeps in Tyrol
Tinker Horse

FC Tirol Innsbruck

FC Tirol Innsbruck was an Austrian association football club from Innsbruck,

Tyrol which existed between 1993 and 2002, when bankruptcy was declared. The club, at first named FC Innsbruck Tirol, won the Austrian football championship (Erste Liga) in 2000, 2001 and 2002. Today, as a spiritual continuation of FC Tirol is a club Wacker Innsbruck. Now a team called FC Tirol playing in amateur league.

In the period of the greatest successes of FC Tirol for club played Radoslaw Gilewicz and Jerzy Brzęczek, former Polish national football team players.

Innsbruck, football stadium

The last coach of FC Tirol was Joachim Löw and led the team to the Austrian championship in 2002. Löw is the current manager of the German national football team. In 2014, he led the German team to victory at the World Cup in Brazil.
Photo sources: Wikipedia.

Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs

Details of the Night of a Thousand Candles at "Heilig Geist" Church in Telfs, Tirol, Austria. 31 October 2014.
All-souls-day-candles inHeilig Geist Kirche in Telfs
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Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs
Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs
Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs
Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs