Weihnachtslied Stille Nacht historischer Kontext

Silent Night" (Germ: Stille Nacht, heilige Nacht) is a popular Christmas carol, composed in 1818 by Franz Xaver Gruber to lyrics by Joseph Mohr in the small town of Oberndorf bei Salzburg, Austria.
Telfs, Tirol, Austria
"Silent Night" is actually an Austrian hymn titled "Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht." The lyrics were a poem composed by a young priest named Joseph Mohr in 1816. It was two years later when Franz Gruber wrote the melody and a guitar part so that Mohr could have the song played at Christmas mass.
Franz Xaver Gruber and Joseph Mohr
"Silent Night!" was created and first performed during very difficult times. The Napoleonic wars (1792-1815), which had caused great suffering, had come to an end. With the Congress of Vienna there were new borders and a new order set for Europe. In the course of these events, the ecclesiastical Principality of Salzburg lost its status as an independent country and was forced to secularize. In 1816, its lands were divided in two with part assigned to Bavaria and the larger portion relegated to Austria. The site where "Silent Night!" was first performed - Oberndorf by Salzburg - had been a suburb and was now separated from its town center of Laufen located across the river (today part of Bavaria, Germany) when the Salzach River became the new border. For centuries transportation of salt along the river had provided the basis for the local economy. The salt trade declined during the Napoleonic wars, and then never fully recovered. This caused a depression in the local economy, with the transport companies, boat builders and laborers facing unemployment and an unsure future. It was during these troubled times that Mohr was in Oberndorf (1817-1819).
Stille Nacht Kapelle,Oberndorf bei Salzburg
 Mohr's previous place of service, Mariapfarr, had suffered greatly during the withdrawal of the Bavarian occupation troops in 1816 and 1817. Mohr was witness to these events and in 1816, he wrote the words to "Silent Night!" With this in mind, the creation of the 4th verse of "Silent Night!" takes on special meaning. Its text expresses a great longing for peace and comfort.
The music was composed by a musician who was not known outside his village. There was no celebrity to sing at its world premiere. Yet its powerful message of heavenly peace has crossed all borders and language barriers, conquering the hearts of people everywhere.
It was declared an intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO in March 2011. The song has been recorded by a large number of singers from every music genre. In Austria “Stille Nacht” is considered a national treasure. Traditionally the song may not be played publicly before Christmas Eve.  The organ builder Karl Mauracher  brought the popular Christmas song from Oberndorf near Salzburg to Tyrolean village of Fügen in the Zillertal valley.
Sources: www.stillenacht.at, www.icce.rug.nl, www.folkmusic.about.com
, Wiki.

Tirol ist ein Paradies für Tiere

The alpine region Tyrol is a paradise for animals and (unfortunately) hunters  and deer-stalkers.
Art Prints
Tirol with its geographical location, topography and variety of altitude zones, enjoys outstanding diversity in terms of species and habitats. The natural gems of the Tirol are its 81 protected areas, which occupy more than a quarter of the Tyrol. They are home to rare flora and fauna and a natural oasis of recreation for the people.The Tyrolean share of this, the biggest of the Austrian national parks amounts to 611 km2 and lies in East Tyrol.
Sell Art Online
The most characteristic animals of Tyrol are: mountain goats, cervids, eagles, capercaillie (or cock of the wood), small animals, such as rabbits, pheasants, geese or ducks llamas (sic!) and marmots, of course.
Cows in Tyrol
 On the beautiful mountain pastures and valleys a lot of cows, horses (the famous Haflinger and Tinker Horses) and sheeps. The people  of Tyrol also love small domestic animals: dogs and cats. A very popular is the Border Collie sheepdog.
Border Collie dog
Sheeps in Tyrol
Tinker Horse

FC Tirol Innsbruck

FC Tirol Innsbruck was an Austrian association football club from Innsbruck,

Tyrol which existed between 1993 and 2002, when bankruptcy was declared. The club, at first named FC Innsbruck Tirol, won the Austrian football championship (Erste Liga) in 2000, 2001 and 2002. Today, as a spiritual continuation of FC Tirol is a club Wacker Innsbruck. Now a team called FC Tirol playing in amateur league.

In the period of the greatest successes of FC Tirol for club played Radoslaw Gilewicz and Jerzy Brzęczek, former Polish national football team players.

Innsbruck, football stadium

The last coach of FC Tirol was Joachim Löw and led the team to the Austrian championship in 2002. Löw is the current manager of the German national football team. In 2014, he led the German team to victory at the World Cup in Brazil.
Photo sources: Wikipedia.

Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs

Details of the Night of a Thousand Candles at "Heilig Geist" Church in Telfs, Tirol, Austria. 31 October 2014.
All-souls-day-candles inHeilig Geist Kirche in Telfs
 Sell Art Online
Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs
Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs
Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs
Nacht der 1000 Lichter in der Heilig Geist Kirche in Telfs

59. Wildschönauer Talfest 2014

The well-known Valley Festival Wildschönau (Germ. Talfest) is one of the biggest festivals in Tyrol, Austria. Every year it takes place in another village of the Wildschönau - Niederau, Oberau or Auffach. The Valley Festival Wildschönau offers an opening festival with barrel tapping, a traditional move on Sunday, concerts and folk music. Guaranteed great fun! About Wildschönauread here LINK
All photos by Janusz Słota.
Wildschönauer Talfest 2014
Wildschönauer Talfest 2014

 Wildschönauer Talfest 2014
Wildschönauer Talfest 2014

Our last photo-activity in the Fine Art America

Recently sale
 Art Prints
 Sell Art Online
Many Thanks!
Recently added photos
The Miraculous Image Of Our Lady Of Absam. About: Read Here
Sell Art Online

The Miraculous Image Of Our Lady Of Inzing. About: Read Here
Art Prints 
Marian Shrine Locherboden
Photography Prints
Pilgrimage Church Stams
 Art Prints
Ski-college Stams
Sell Art Online
Karlskirche/ St. Charles' Church/ in Volders 
 Photography Prints
Mosque in Telfs, Tyrol, Austria.

Art Prints
We invite you to purchase and cooperation!

Gothic Schriften: Schwabacher, Textur, Rotunda, Fraktur

The "Schwabacher" Gothic letter has been in use since 1472. Its name is derived from either the city of Schwabach ( Bavaria ) or a printer named Schwabacher. Luther´s translation of the Bible was printed in this font.
Gothic letters /Textur/ on the traditional Tyrolean clothes. The kind of monogram. Fot. Elisabeth Fazel.

The Schwabacher was a blackletter typeface that evolved from textualis under the influence of Humanist type design in Italy. It was nearer to handwriting than the textualis style. In the 16th century, it was displaced by fraktur as the most-used German typeface from about 1530. Thereafter it was in use as a secondary typeface in a similar way to italic. It was still used occasionally until the mid 20th century. Source: Wikipedia.
From "Type and National Identity" by Peter Bain and Paul Shaw.

What is Gothic? Gothic was the culminating artistic expression of the middle ages, occurring roughly from 1200—1500. The term Gothic originated with the Italians who used it to refer to rude or barbaric cultures north of the Italian Alps.
According to Christopher Wren's Saracenic Theory, Gothic style had nothing to do with the Goths, rather it was a style influenced by a number of factors including Saracenic art —an Islamic influence from the Crusades.        
The Gothic spirit took hold in France, Germany and England where it was manifested through unhindered upward striving: the vertical supplanted horizontals as the dominant line in architecture; the pointed arch replaced the round arch of the Romans; the almond shape, or mandorla, was preferred. Gothic writing forms reflected this aesthetic.
Blackletter type is often misleadingly referred to as either Old English or gothic, two terms that are only partially accurate. Blackletter is an all encompassing term used to describe the scripts of the Middle Ages in which the darkness of the characters overpowers the whiteness of the page.
Old street name plate in Telfs, Tyrol, Austria .Schwabacher fonts. Fot. Elisabeth Fazel.

The basic black letter scripts are textura and rotunda, the former primarily associated with northern Europe and the latter with southern Europe. These are both book scripts. Textualis, also known as textura or Gothic bookhand, was the most calligraphic form of black letter, and today is the form most associated with "Gothic". Johannes Gutenberg carved a textualis typeface – including a large number of ligatures and common abbreviations – when he printed his 42-line Bible. However, the textualis was rarely used for typefaces afterwards.
Bastarda, a third category of blackletter originally confined to documents, was elevated to formal status in the 15th century French and Burgundian book of hours...Rotunda types soon followed, cut by printers in Switzerland, and more importantly in Italy.
After 1480 schwabacher types, based on local bastarda traditions, appeared in Bohemia, Switzerland, austrian North Tyrol and the German states.