Tiroler Trachten und Dirndl

National costume in Austrian Tirol is not only a history or custom, it's just a lifestyle. Not everyone can wear it. You have to be Tyrolean from 3rd generation.
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Tyrolean costume is a traditional ethnic form of dress, that is commonly associated with Austrian national costumes.
It is characterized by a dirndl style wool skirt for women, often decorated with an embroidered ribbon. For men the typical Tyrolean costume is a pair of lederhosen and a hat made with wool felt (usually green) and a band around the crown (usually brown). The Tyrolean costume has influenced fashionable dress at various times.
Tirolerhut - Tyrolean hat
Tirolerhut - Tyrolean hat, Inn Valley /Inntal/
Tirolerhut - Tyrolean hat
Folk hat from South Tyrol
Tyrolean folk costume: members of Stadtmusik Imst
The members of Trachtenverein "Edelweiss" Mieming, middle Inn Valley, Tirol, Austria.

Woman in traditional clothing, South Tyrol
Tyrolean national costumes are also presented here: Dorffest Rietz and Musikkapelle Petnau

The dirndl in Tyrol is a female dress copied from the Trachten, consisting of a top (Austrian: "Leibl") and blouse, wide skirt and a colorful apron. Originally, the dirndl was the working dress of female servants (Austrian "dirn": maid, maidservant); hence the term "dirndl" as an abbreviation of "Dirndlgewand" (maid's dress). Around 1870/1880, after Kaiser Franz Joseph made it fashionable to wear Lederhosen and Tracht, the upper classes adopted the dirndl as a modern dress and wore it on their summer holidays.
Tyrolean costumes (Dirndln) - shop in Telfs, Tyrol
Today the wearing of the dirndl is generally regarded as a sign of national pride; in material, color and shape it is increasingly subject to modern influences. The word dirndl also describes a young woman in many regional dialects of Austria.
Tyrolean traditional costume -  what was early...Photos from Tiroler Volkskunstmuseum in Innsbruck. Different regions of Tyrol.
Trachten: Up to the 20th century, tracht (plural trachten) was, in the German-speaking countries, the general term for the kind or style of clothing and adornment (hairstyle, beard etc.) prescribed to identify a person as belonging to a particular group in terms of legal status (married, single), denomination, social standing or trade (miners, craftsmen). 
As the urban bourgeoisie and aristocrats discovered nature and the charms of rural customs and living in the 19th and early 20th centuries ( Heimatkunst Movement), they triggered interest in preserving and cultivating the rural or regional styles of dress (Heimatwerk); today, the term tracht denotes any form of supposedly timeless traditional rustic dress. 
Tyrolean traditional costume - Volkskunstmuseum in Innsbruck. Man from Landeck.
Tyrolean traditional costume - Volkskunstmuseum in Innsbruck

The trachten known today emerged through a combination of special regional dress features and the fashion of the day. The traditions of secluded regions and villages, proximity of major urban settlements, seasonal labour, hawking and the emergence of tourism all contributed to the preservation and further development of the concept of trachten.
Tyrolean traditional costume - Volkskunstmuseum in Innsbruck. Woman from Lienz.
 Tyrolean traditional costume - Volkskunstmuseum in Innsbruck
Tyrolean traditional costume - Volkskunstmuseum in Innsbruck. Women from Zillertal.
 Tyrolean traditional costume - Volkskunstmuseum in Innsbruck
Since the 19th century researchers have distinguished numerous Austrian trachten regions, especially in the Alpine area. Basic common features were due to the availability of specific materials, such as linen, wool and leather, and of the facilities needed for processing them, and fashion trends of the 18th and early 19th centuries (once the authorities had relaxed the dress codes imposed on persons of different status). 
The basic types include the "leibkittel" (a close-fitting sleeveless bodice with a full, gathered or pleated skirt) Dirndl with an apron, short or knee-length trousers made of deer or chamois leather, men's suits made of grey or brown cloth or loden with lapels in a different colour ( Steireranzug), ceremonial women's bonnets made of fur and bonnets or coronets of gold or silver filigree (Goldhaube). At present, there are numerous societies and clubs dedicated to the preservation and revival of trachten, with the result that most local costumes are of fairly recent origin. 
In addition, Austrian fashion designers have adopted various rustic elements and have thus considerably affected the way large parts of Austrian society dress. Since the late 19th century, trachten have been exploited as a characteristic feature of Austria and the Austrians in advertising (tourism, foodstuffs). Important collections of historical popular costumes are found in the Austrian Folklore Museum in Vienna, in the Styrian Folklore Museum in Graz and in the Tyrol.
Text basic: Austrian Cultural Information System.
All photos by Elisabeth Fazel and Wojciech Gatz.


melanie said...

Hello! I am very interested in buying a costume like this, or two actually for a theatre production. All of what I am finding is sold outside of the US and not as authentic as the photos from the museum you have linked here. Do you have any ideas? please let me know.
Both where to buy it here in the US and perhaps something out of the US if that is the only option.

melanie said...

I am very interested in knowing where in the USA I might be able to purchase a more historically accurate costume. The photos you have from the museum are great.
Let me know if there are any ideas of where to go in the USA.
thank you so much.

Marmotte said...

Hello Melanie,
Thank you for your message. I'll try to help you. Please write to me via
or by Neupress /address in the upper right corner of this website/.
Best Regads

Lourdes Perez said...

Me interesa el origen del sombrero titoles. Cuando se empezó a usar, evolución, donde se fabrica...etc.
No se si esto se sale de su tema, y si usted puede traducirlo....en cualquier caso, gracias, me ha parecido interesante la información...ahora solo me falta lo del sombrero....

Sunny Hanna said...

we have kasettle and my husband has lederhosn, laibl, green seiden traeger. wo kann ich finden ueber das schwarze Tuch dass er traegt, groesse, und wie man es bindet. wir gehoeren zu in Anaheim und sind verliebt in Eure Inntaler Tracht.
Bitte um Hilfestellung.

Sunny Hanna said...

wir sind in Eure Inntaler Tracht verliebt, haben bereite Kasettl, damenhut, herrn Lederhose mit rotem Laibl und gruenem Seidentraegern sowie den schoenen Hut mit 2 Weissen Federn.
Frage: wie gross ist das schwarze Tuch, wie wird es gefaltet und wie getragen?
wie sind Mitglieder von und wuerden uns freuen ueber ihre Hilfe

Adi Marmotte said...

Hallo Hanna,
Für weitere Einzelheiten kontaktieren Sie bitte die TV Edelweiss Mieming, Inntal. Sie sind Experten auf diesem Gebiet:
Herzliche Grüsse aus Tirol