Sigmund von Tirol "der Münzreiche"

Sigmund von Tirol, b. Innsbruck, Oct. 26, 1427, d. Innsbruck March 4, 1496. Duke (Archduke from 1477) of Austria, sovereign in the Tyrol and Vorder-Österreich (the Habsburg lands in Southern Germany),
son of Duke Friedrich IV; 1439-1446 under the guardianship of Friedrich III, then sovereign of the Tyrol (until 1463 Vorder-Österreich was ruled by Albrecht VI, subsequently turned over to S. v. T.) and later Emperor.
Statue in Hofkirche, Innsbruck
In the beginning his rule was decisively influenced by a dispute with the bishop of Brixen/Bressanone Nikolaus von Cues. He was under the strong influence of favourites, but governed the Tyrol well until around 1480, moved the mint from Meran/Merano to Hall in 1477,
had the first Taler silver coin struck there and built important roads. Initiated the building of the Hofburg palace in Innsbruck from 1460. In 1477, Frederick III made him archduke.
Under Duke Siegmund and Emperor Maximilian I Burg Hasegg in Hall in Tirol was enlarged into a showpiece castle.
He was very talented, but led a life of indulgence. While his marriages (Eleonora of Austria, Katharina of Saxony) remained childless, he is said to have fathered numerous illegitimate children. He adopted Maximilian I, which meant that the Tyrol passed to the only surviving Styrian line of the Habsburgs. During the witch-hunts of 1485 he proved sympathetic to the belief in witchcraft.
Sigmund's monument in Hall in Tirol
A war with Venice, which he began in 1487, ended in a standoff, but in 1490 the opposition of the population of Tirol forced him to hand over the regency to Archduke Maximilian I, who later became Holy Roman Emperor. His epithet "der Münzreiche" (rich-in-coins) was first recorded in 1506.

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